Noor Mahal (the Palace of Light) is situated in Bhawalpur, that's the 12th largest city of Pakistan and changed into as soon as the capital of the Princely State of Bahawalpur. It is one of the few palaces that we are able to discover in our country. It turned into constructed in 1875, taking 3 years to complete. There are believed to be some of motives why it was constructed, however the maximum popular one is that, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan the Fourth (5th ruler of Bhawalpur country) had it made for his wife Noor.
He become also referred to as Shah Jehan of Bhawalpur, due to his love for constructing grand homes there. However the Nawab and his family simplest spent one night in this palace, due to the fact his spouse was no longer comfortable living in a place that became near to a graveyard. Subsequently it become used as a kingdom guest residence; the Nawab held state meetings, and the court become used by him to deal with his courtiers.
Noor Mahal became designed underneath the supervision of a British engineer; Mr. Hennan. It stands amidst a massive garden with fountains, and covers 44, 600 square feet in area. It is double storied having six verandahs and 32 rooms, out of which 14 are within the basement.
It is said to resemble an Italian chateau, due to the style of its home windows. However it's miles modeled at the traces of each Greek and Islamic architectural styles.
The Greek Corinthian order is maximum complicated in its design and is used in columns, balustrades, pediments and arches. The Durbar Hall is a great instance of that. While the five domes product of stucco (a ornamental coating used on terracotta bricks, cement or wood) which can be a striking function of the palace are an example of Islamic Art.
Furthermore Islamic Arabesque (any other Art form) may be seen within the vaulted ceiling and desirable mosaic tiled floors which add to its splendor.
The total cost of building and furnishing amounted to Rs. 1.2 million, which is obvious from its remarkable architecture as well as having a stunning decor of ornate furniture, curtains of heavy brocade with pelmets, carpets and crystal chandeliers (studded with diamonds), while beautiful artwork and paintings decorate the walls.
The collection also includes a portrait of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah playing Poole. A That real table with the pool sticks turned into gifted by him to the Nawab. Most of the materials and furniture had been imported from Britain and Italy. A Furthermore a toddler piano became imported from Germany and mirrors have been imported from Belgium.
The palace had a natural cooling system, as there have been small rooms within the basement where cold water become kept, and the water vapours would attain the rooms by openings in the floor, that is how the nice and cozy air became dispelled out through the small windows which were built on the top (In present times this has been replaced with the aid of air conditioners).
It is a matter of tremendous honor that in 1890 His Highness Prince Albert Victor (the grandson of Queen Victoria) stayed for one night at the Palace. Also in 1897 a court become held to have fun Queen Victoria’s sixtieth Birthday.
In 1906 Nawab Bahawal Khan the Fifth (later ruler of Bahawalpur) established a mosque on the premises. In the Twenties repairs needed to be done.
In 1956, whilst Bahawalpur became part of Pakistan, the palace was taken over by the Auqaf department (certainly one of its features is to appearance after different sorts of monuments) beneath the Antiquities Act 1975 (a law associated with holding all antiques found everywhere in Pakistan).
In 1971 it was rented by using the Pakistan Army. Then in 1997 it turned into bought via the Army, which then spent years in restoring it to its former grandeur. After that it changed into used by the Army as a Garrison club, guest residence and for holding meetings of dignitaries.
In 2001, it changed into stated to be a covered monument by means of the Government of Pakistan’s Department of Archeology, which looks after it.
In 2009 and 2010 respectively it become used as a fixed for Drama serials consisting of Noor Pur ki Rani and Noor Bano.