The Maya is one of the oldest civilizations in large parts of Central America, currently known as El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and Belize, which is located in five southern states of Mexico: Quintanar, Yucatan, Campeche, Chiapas, and Tabasco. The origins of the Mayan people are the American Indians who established the civilization of Central America, which reached its peak in the middle of the third century AD and continued to develop for more than six centuries. It is one of the finest civilizations that lived in the Americas due to their mastery of architecture, engineering, and writing.
The Maya civilization extended to much of Central America, and a host of densely populated villages were found throughout the Mayan areas. Despite this widespread of Mayan civilization, it was composed of small states; each state had its own ruler.
The Mayan civilization reached its height and prosperity in the period that scientists called the classical period, according to Yale University researcher Michael Ku. The Mayan civilization is one of the most powerful civilizations in the ancient world. The civilization lasted about three thousand years. Many of the remains that remained today, such as the Amphitheater and the ruins of Tulum, have been left to mankind.
The Mayan people are farmers, merchants, priests, nobles, slaves, and the religious and political authority has been in charge of the affairs of this society. The Maya people, of all sects, had a religious rite of offering offerings to the gods. These offerings should have been made up of young people and children. These rituals in the Mayan civilization, despite their cruelty, were natural, as no revolt against these rituals.
The ancient Mayan empire was marked by its public buildings, its senior clergymen and stone-built priests. It was also famous for its large cities such as Kulan in Honduras. Some cities built walls around it, its streets were paved and paved roads connecting the main cities.
The Mayans did not know the carts with the calf and did not use the animals to carry the weight, but they carry them on the trade on their backs after tying them with a rope attached above the chest or front or transported in small boats by the waters of the coasts and rivers are made of logs of hollow trees after unloading from the core drilling.
The Mayans followed a complex written writing system similar to hieroglyphic hieroglyphs. They recorded their observations, astrological calculations, calendar calculations, writing their genealogy and their history.
Like all ancient farming peoples, the early Mayans worshipped the goddess of agriculture as the god of rain and the god of corn. They offered him sacrifices to lend to her. The ancient astronomers had noticed the movements of the sun, moon and planets. And made their calendar through their calculations and astronomical observations of these celestial bodies. Astronomers’ observations predicted that they would be alerted to events and happy times in all their life activities, especially in agriculture or war.
There are many possibilities for the "classic Mayan fall", such as the dissolution and disappearance of Mayan religious centers, which caused the rift between 750 and 900 m. The Mayan centers, located in the lower southern lands, were then reduced during the eighth and ninth centuries and were abandoned shortly afterward. This decline was accompanied by a halt to the work of archaeological inscription and the cessation of urbanization and there is no explanation for this collapse.
But there are non-environmental possibilities for the decline of the Mayans for several reasons, for example, the increase in population and external invasions and peasant revolt against the domination of nobles and priests. In addition, Teotihuacan was looted and burned to the point of being turned into ashes by unidentified forces to stop its control of the Mayan areas. The main trade routes collapsed and the economic and cultural boom abruptly ceased to move to Kuschikalku and then to Toltec in the Mexican valley.
Environmental prospects include environmental disasters, epidemic diseases, and climate change. There is evidence that Mayans consumed environmental resources such as depletion of agricultural potential and excessive hunting of large animals. Some scientists believe that a severe drought that drowned 200 years led to the collapse of the Mayan civilization
1. Despite the erosion of its fame and concealment of information, there are rural areas in Mexico and Guatemala that still have some Maya culture.
2. In fact, there are about 7 million Mayans living so far in the Yucatan Peninsula.
3. Medicine was a little advanced in the Mayan civilization. They used human hair to sew wounds, along with tooth fillings
4. The Mayan people used to put things in front of the eyes of the child so that the child was "blindfolded" and this was a tribute to some of the characteristics that must exist in the nobility.